Indian Premier League
Indian Premier League: participating teamsChennai Super Kings 4 Delhi capitals 0 Kolkata Knight Riders 2 Mumbai Indians 5 Punjab Kings cricket team 0 Rajasthan Royals 1 Royal Challengers Bangalore 0 Sunrisers Hyderabad 1
Indian Premier League: Twenty20 cricket home tour in India
The Indian Premier League IPL is a professional cricket league in which games are played in the Twenty20 format (one of the three main formats). Matches do not end after the time limit expires but after a set of innings. The Indian Premier League is considered the most visited in the world. Its matches were the first to be broadcast live on YouTube (since 2010). Due to the COVID-19 epidemic in 2020, the entire tournament was held in Dubai (UAE).
Indian Premier League IPL: history
The tournament started in the fall of 2007. Its creator is the Board of Control for Cricket in India. The initiator of the creation of the tournament is Lalit Modi, Vice—president of the Board of Control for Cricket in India. A team of seven people is responsible for the tournament. Lalit Modi said in 2007 that the two best teams from India should compete in the Twenty20 Champions League. Interestingly, three Indian teams usually got into the main club world tournament. The Twenty20 Champions League was held from 2008 to 2014.
Some experts believe that the motivation for the creation of the Indian Premier League IPL was the announcement of the appearance of the Indian Cricket League in early 2007. Although the leaders of the first organization deny this information. The conglomerate Zee Entertainment Enterprises, part of the Essel Group, provided great support to the Indian Cricket League. This corporation has projects in various fields of activity: from the organization of live broadcasts to the production of music programs.
However, the ICL has not received recognition from the International Cricket Council and the Board of Control for Cricket in India. The last instance did everything possible to prevent the new tournament from starting. The Board of Control for Cricket in India has increased the prize money at its competitions. This organization also promised to disqualify all players who join the Indian Premier League IPL. As a result, the Indian Cricket League lasted only two seasons and disbanded in 2009.
The format of the Indian Premier League is almost identical to the formats of the largest tournaments in other sports: NBA (basketball) and English Premier League (soccer).
An auction was held to determine the participants of the Indian Premier League. The base prices for the franchises were $400 million. The expansion of the tournament was announced in 2010. Two new teams were to join him — Kochi Tuskers Kerala and Pune Warriors India. However, the Indian Cricket Board of Control expelled Kochi Tuskers Kerala for violating the terms of the league in 2011. At the end of the 2012 season, it was announced the termination of the existence of the Dean Chargers team, which became the champion in 2009. The reason for this decision was that the club did not find sponsors. Soon an auction was held, which was won by Sun TV Network. The new owners changed the name of the team to “Sunrisers Hyderabad”.
A serious blow was dealt to the reputation of the Indian Premier League IPL in 2015. The champions of the debut season “Rajasthan Royals” and the two-time title holder “Chennai Super Kings” were involved in match-fixing. As a result, both teams were disqualified for two seasons. Gujarat Lions and Rising Pune Superjayent were playing instead of them at that time. After the guilty clubs were restored to their rights and now continue to participate in the Indian Premier League IPL.
Indian Premier League IPL: features of the event
During the season, eight teams play two matches against each other (home and away). After the group stage, the top four clubs are determined, which continue to compete in the playoffs. The format of determining the finalists is interesting:
- The champion and the vice-champion of the regular season meet in the first match of the playoffs. The winner goes directly to the final.
- The third and fourth teams meet in the second match of the playoffs. The winner gets the right to play in the semifinals with the losing team in the first match. Accordingly, the best club in this semi-final gets the right to play in the final match.
There are three ways to form teams in the Indian Premier League IPL:
- Annual auction of players. Cricketers subscribe to the auction, indicating their base price. As a result, the players sign a contract with the team that offered the best conditions. Players who were not selected at the auction can stay in the database, hoping for a replacement. Indian players could not participate in the auction until 2014. This fact caused discontent among some poor teams. As a result, the organizers of the tournament included local cricketers in the auction.
- Transitions during open transfer windows. Teams have the option to sell a player with a valid contract, but the buyer must pay the difference between the old and new contract (if the new employer offers worse conditions). If the conditions are better, then the difference is equally divided between the player and the previous club. There are usually three windows in the Indian Premier League IPL: two before the auction and one before the start of the season.
- Signing of free agents. Happens at any time.
Indian cricketers are contracted for a year with an extension for another year or two. Interestingly, the amounts in the contracts are written in Indian rupees (previously they were in US dollars). Legionnaires have the opportunity to receive money in their chosen currency, but at the rate indicated by the term of the contract or at the time of actual payment. If we focus on the data of 2015, obtained as a result of a survey by Sporting Intelligence and ESPN The Magazine, then the average salary in the Indian Premier League IPL is $4.33 million per year. The salary is higher only in the English Premier League. It is important to take into account that the players have been playing for more than nine months. The IPL season lasts less than two months. That is, the actual earnings of cricketers in India are even higher.
There were the following criteria for the formation of teams in 2020:
- The club can have from 18 to 25 players, with a maximum of eight foreign players.
- The maximum annual salary of a player should not exceed $12 million.
- 11 cricketers can take part in the match, of which a maximum of four are foreigners.
- Players under the age of 19 can be entered into the tournament if they are on the A-List of the team or have previously played in the first grade.
There is no time limit during which teams must complete the innings in the matches of the Indian Premier League IPL. There are special TV timeouts. At the same time, the judges have the right to fine the team if it deliberately delays the pauses. Clubs have the opportunity to take one time-out for two and a half minutes during each innings. Bowlers can take time out from the sixth to the ninth over, batsmen – from the 13th to the 16th.
Indian Premier League teams have had the opportunity to see controversial decisions made by referees since 2018. Video reviews are available at the end of each innings.
The prize pool is relatively small in the Indian Premier League IPL — $7 million. The winner of the tournament receives $2.8 million, and the vice-champion — $ 1.8 million. The bronze medalist and the fourth-place team are awarded $1.2 million each. The other clubs don’t earn anything.
Indian Premier League IPL: finals
13 championships had been played in the Indian Premier League IPL by the spring of 2021. The most successful team is considered to be Mumbai Indians, which has five titles on its account. In particular, it has won the last two tournaments. Chennai Super Kings has three trophies in its assets. The two-time champions are “Kolkata Knight Riders”. Deccan Chargers, Rajasthan Royals and Sunrisers Hyderabad have won the tournament once. We will tell you more about each season:
- Rajasthan Royals and Chennai Super Kings met in the final of the tournament at the “DY Patil Stadium” in Navi Mumbai. The former won by three more wickets. Rajasthan Royals player Shane Watson was recognized as the MVP of the series.
- 2009. In the decisive match, Deccan Chargers beat Royal Challengers Bangalore, running six runs more. The best in the series was Adam Gilchrist.
- The champion turned out to be “Chennai Super Kings”. The Chennai team scored 22 points more than the Mumbai Indians in the final. At the same time, the MVP of the series was the cricketer of the losers Sachin Tendulkar.
- Chennai Super Kings defended the title. In the final, the team defeated the “Royal Challengers Bangalore”, having run 58 runs more. Again, the MVP prize was awarded to the loser’s cricketer — Chris Gayle.
- The first title was won by Kolkata Knight Riders, beating Chennai Super Kings in the final. The champion won by five more wickets. The best player of the series was Sunil Narine.
- Mumbai Indians won the first title in history. The team beat Chennai Super Kings in the final because it ran 23 more runs. The best in the series was Shane Watson, who played for Rajasthan Royals.
- The second title in history was won by Kolkata Knight Riders, beating Kings XI Punjab in the final (by three wickets). The MVP of the series turned out to be Glenn Maxwell from Kings XI Punjab.
- Mumbai Indians took the second title in history. In the final, the team confidently defeated Chennai Super Kings, having run 41 runs more. The MVP award was given to Andre Russell from Kolkata Knight Riders.
- The debut title was won by Sunrisers Hyderabad. There was a hard match with “Royal Challengers Bangalore” in the final. The champion beat the opponent by eight runs. Nevertheless, Virat Kohli became the MVP of the series as part of the vice-champion.
- The next title went to Mumbai Indians. In the final, a team from Mumbai beat Rising Pune Supergiant. It was one of the toughest matches in the history of the Indian Premier League IPL. The winners beat the opponent by one run. The best player of the series was Ben Stokes from “Rising Pune Supergiant”.
- Chennai Super Kings won, beating Sunrisers Hyderabad in the final. The champion took eight more wickets. The tournament organizers recognized Sunil Narine from Kolkata Knight Riders as the MVP of the series.
- 2019. Mumbai Indians beat Chennai Super Kings. As in 2017, the champion outperformed his opponent by one run. For the second season in a row, the MVP of the series turned out to be a Kolkata Knight Riders player: Andre Russell.
- Mumbai Indians defended the title by beating Delhi Capitals by taking five more wickets. In Dubai, Jofra Archer from Rajasthan Royals was recognized as the MVP of the series.
Indian Premier League IPL in 2022: participants
At the moment, eight teams are playing in the tournament. This is the optimal number of participants. There were only three more seasons: nine in 2012 and 2013, and ten in 2011. Of the current participants, only Sunrisers Hyderabad started performing in 2012. All other clubs have been playing since the league was founded:
- Chennai Super Kings из Chennai, Tamil Nadu. The home stadium — M. A. Chidambaram Stadium. The coach — Stephen Fleming.
- Delhi Capitals из New Delhi, NCT of Delhi. The home stadium — Arun Jaitley Stadium. The coach — Ricky Ponting.
- Kolkata Knight Riders из Kolkata, West Bengal. The home stadium — Eden Gardens. The coach — Brendan McCullum.
- Mumbai Indians из Mumbai, Maharashtra. The home stadium — Wankhede Stadium. The coach — Mahela Jayawardene.
- Punjab Kings из Mohali, Punjab. The home stadium — PCA Stadium, Mohali. The coach — Anil Kumble.
- Rajasthan Royals из Jaipur, Rajasthan. The home stadium — Sawai Mansingh Stadium. The coach — Kumar Sangakkara.
- Royal Challengers Bangalore из Bengaluru, Karnataka. The home stadium — M. Chinnaswamy Stadium. The coach — Simon Katich.
- Sunrisers Hyderabad из Hyderabad, Telangana. The home stadium — Rajiv Gandhi International Cricket Stadium. The coach — Trevor Bayliss.
The 2021 season started on March 7. It was suspended indefinitely due to the coronavirus pandemic on May 4. By this time, Delhi Capitals was in the lead in the standings.
The 2009 season was not the best for Chennai Super Kings. Although, there were a lot of expectations from him. At least because after the auction, an Englishman, Andrew Flintoff, turned out to be part of the club, for whom $ 1.55 million had to be paid. The player became one of the two most expensive players in the Indian Premier League IPL. Royal Challengers Bangalore acquired the rights to another Englishman for the same amount — Kevin Pietersen. Unfortunately for CSK, Andrew Flintoff was injured after three opening matches of the season and was out of action for the rest of the year. As a result, Chennai Super Kings was fourth at the season’s finish. The Chennai team lost to the Royal Challengers in the semifinals.